Ukufakwa kunye nokuPhononongwa kwemiyalelo

UKUGCINWA KWE-RUBBER UKUJONGANA NOKUFAKWA KWESIQINISEKISO

1. Iimeko zeenkonzo. Qinisekisa ukuba ulwandiso lwenqanaba lokudibanisa lokushisa, uxinzelelo, vacuum kunye neentshukumo ziyahambelana neemfuno zenkqubo. Nxibelelana nomvelisi ngengcebiso ukuba ngaba iinkqubo zenkqubo zingaphezulu kwezo zandiso zikhethiweyo. Qinisekisa ukuba i-elastomer ekhethiweyo iyangqinelana ngokwemichiza kunye nolwelo lwerhasi okanye irhasi.

2. Ukulungelelanisa. Amalungu andisiweyo ahlanganisiweyo ayenzelwanga ukubuyisa iimpazamo zokungahambelani kakuhle. Ukubhobhoza kufuneka kwenziwe umda ngaphakathi ku-1/8 ". Ukuphathwa gwenxa kunciphisa iintshukumo ezilinganiselweyo zolwandiso kwaye zinokubangela uxinzelelo olukhulu kwaye zinciphise ubomi benkonzo. Izikhokelo zemibhobho kufuneka zifakelwe ukugcina umbhobho ungqamene nokuthintela ukungahambelani ngokungafanelekanga.

3. Isikhonkwane. Ukudityaniswa okuzinzileyo kuyafuneka naphina apho indlela imibhobho itshintsha khona, kwaye iindawo zokudibanisa kufuneka zibekwe kufutshane kangangoko kunokwenzeka kwiindawo ze-anchor. Ukuba ii-anchors azisetyenziswanga, uxinzelelo lwexinzelelo lunokubangela ukunyakaza okugqithisileyo kunye nokonakalisa amajoyina okwanda.

4. Inkxaso yemibhobho. Ukupakisha kufuneka kuxhaswe ukuze ukujoyina ukudibanisa kungathwali ubunzima basombhobho.

5. Ukulinganisa iFlanges. Faka indibaniselwano yokwandiswa ngokuchasene nemibhobho yokuqhawula kunye nokufaka iibhloko ukuze intloko yebhetshi kunye noshicilelo zichasene neentsontelo ezigciniweyo. Ukuba ii-washer azisetyenziswanga, ukuvuza kokungxala kungakhokelela, ngakumbi kwindawo yokuqhekeza kumakhonkco okugcina. Ubungakanani be-Flange-to-Flange yolwandiso lwendibaniselwano kufuneka luhambelane nokuvula komoya ovulekileyo. Qinisekisa ukuba iindawo ezinokutsha zicocekile kwaye ziluluhlobo lobuso okanye zingaphezulu kwe-1/16 ”. Ungaze ufake ii-joints zokwandiswa ezisebenzisa amakhonkco agcinayo kufutshane nokutshekishwa kohlobo lwe-wafer okanye iivalve zebhabhathane. Umonakalo omkhulu unokukhokelela kumdibaniso werabha wolu hlobo ngaphandle kokuba ufakwe ngokuchasene nobuso obugcweleyo.

6. Ukuqinisa iibhloko. Bopha iibhloko ngamanqanaba ngokutshintsha ujikeleze ibala. Ukuba indibaniselwano inelaphu elidityanisiweyo kunye neeflethi zerabha, iibhloko kufuneka ziqiniswe ngokwaneleyo ukuze zenze irabha ye-OD bulge phakathi kwamakhonkco agcinayo kunye ne-mating flange. Iibhloko zeTorque zanele ngokwaneleyo ukuqinisekisa ukuba akukho kuvuzwa kokusebenza koxinzelelo lovavanyo lwe-hydrostatic. Ixabiso le-Bolt torquing liyafumaneka kubakhiqizi abaninzi. Ukuba indibaniselwano inendawo yokufakelwa kwensimbi, qinisa iibholiti zanele nje ukufezekisa itywina kwaye ungaze uqinise nakancinci into yokuba kukho ukudibana kwesinyithi kunye nentsimbi phakathi kokudibana kunye neflange yokudibanisa.

7. Ukugcina. Indawo yokugcina efanelekileyo yindawo yokugcina izinto enomhlaba omanzi, opholileyo. Gcina ubuso beflange phantsi kwipallet okanye iqonga lomthi. Musa ukugcina ezinye izinto ezisindayo ngaphezulu kwendawo edibeneyo. Ubomi beshelufu yeminyaka elishumi bunokulindeleka kunye neemeko ezifanelekileyo. Ukuba ukugcinwa kufuneka kubekhona ngaphandle ukudibanisa kufuneka kubekwe kumaqonga enkuni kwaye akufuneki kudibane nomhlaba. Gubungela nge-tarpaulin.

8. Ukulawulwa Okudibeneyo okukhulu. Musa ukuphakamisa ngentambo okanye imivalo ngemingxunya ye-bolt. Ukuba uphakamisa i-bore, sebenzisa i-padding okanye isihlalo sokuhambisa ubunzima. Qiniseka ukuba ii-cables okanye i-forklift tinesdo ayiqhagamshelwa nerabha. Musa ukuvumela ukudityaniswa kwamalungu ukuba uhlale ngokuthe nkqo kwimiphetho yala mabala ngamanye amaxesha.

9. Iingcebiso ezongezelelweyo.

a. Ngamaqondo obushushu aphakamileyo, musa ukufaka kwindawo yokudibanisa engaxutywanga ngentsimbi.

b. Yinto eyamkelekileyo (kodwa ayimfuneko) ukufaka ioyile yokufakelwa kokudityaniswa nefilimu ecekeceke yegraphite esasazeke kwi-glycerin okanye emanzini ukuze kuncitshiswe i-disassembly ngexesha elizayo.

c. Sukuyifaka weld kwindawo ekufutshane edibeneyo.

d. Ukuba iindawo zokudibanisa ziya kufakelwa phantsi komhlaba, okanye ziya kufakwa emanzini, umfowunelwa umenzi wengcebiso ezithile.

e. Ukuba indibaniselwano yokwandiswa iya kufakelwa ngaphandle, qiniseka ukuba izinto ezikhuselekayo ziya kuhlala zikwimo ye-ozone, ukukhanya kwelanga, njl njl.

Izixhobo ezihonjiswe ngopende lwemozulu ziya kunika i-ozone kunye nokukhuselwa kwelanga.

f. Jonga ukuqina kweefandak ezingavulekiyo iiveki ezimbini okanye ezintathu emva kofakelo kunye nokuqinisisa kwakhona ukuba kukho imfuneko.

UMNYANGO WOKUFAKELWA KWE-ROD

1. Ukudityaniswa kokudityaniswa okuhlanganisiweyo phakathi kwemibhobho yokufakelwa kobuso obujongwe ubuso kobuso bendibaniselwano. Dibanisa amakhonkco agcinwayo anikezelweyo ngokwandiswa.

2. Hlanganisa iipleyiti zentambo emva kweeplanga. Iibhloko ze-Flange kwiplagi yentonga yokulawula kufuneka ibe yinde ukuze ihlale ipleyiti. Iiplati zeentonga zokulawula kufuneka zilingane Isithuba esijikeleze iflange Kuxhomekeke kubungakanani kunye novavanyo lwenkqubo, 2, 3 okanye ngaphezulu amaqhosha okulawula anokufuneka. Umvelisi wonxibelelwano ukulungiselela ukufakwa ngokuzikhethela.

3. Faka iintonga zokulawula ngokusebenzisa imingxunya ephezulu yeplate. Izinto zokuhlanjwa kweentsimbi kufuneka zibekwe kumgangatho wangaphandle wepleyiti. Into oyikhethayo yerabha ibekwe phakathi kwetsimbi yentsimbi kunye umphezulu weplate yangaphandle.

4. Ukuba i-nati enye yunithi nganye ifakiwe, beka le nthi ukuze kubekho umsantsa phakathi kwe-nati ne-washer yentsimbi. Esi sikhewu silingana nolona nyango luphakamileyo lwendibaniselwano (ukuqala nge ubude begama lobuso ngobuso). Musa ukujonga ubungakanani be-washer yerabha. Ukutshixa le-nati kwindawo yayo, nokuba "kukubeka" intambo kwindawo ezimbini okanye ubambe i-nut kwintonga. Ukuba i-jam nuts ibonelelwe iyunithi nganye, qinisa omabini la manzi kunye, ukuze kufezekiswe isiphumo "sokungqamanisa" ukuthintela ukukhululwa. Qaphela: Thetha nomvelisi ukuba ukhona umbuzo malunga noxinzelelo kunye noxinzelelo olulinganiswe Le milinganiselo mibini ibaluleke kakhulu ekumiseleni amantongomane kunye nobungakanani bemikhono yepayipi yokucinezela.

5. Ukuba kukho imfuneko yokucinezelwa kwemikhono yombhobho, umbhobho oqhelekileyo unokusetyenziswa kwaye ulungiswe ngobude ukuvumela ukudibanisa ukunyanzeliswa kumda wabo oqhelekileyo.

6. Ukufakelwa kokunciphisa, kuyacetyiswa ukuba konke ukufakelwa kwentonga kulingane ngokuhambelana nemibhobho.

INKQUBO YOKUJONGA INDLELA YOKUZONWABISA NGOKUGQIBELA KWENKONZO

Esi sikhokelo silandelayo senzelwe ukunceda ekuboneni ukuba indibaniselwano yokwandiswa kufuneka itshintshwe okanye ilungiswe emva kwenkonzo eyandisiweyo.

1. Endaweni yokuBekwa endaweni. Ukuba indibaniselwano yokwandiswa ikwimeko enzulu yenkonzo kwaye ineminyaka emihlanu okanye ngaphezulu ubudala, kuya kuthathelwa ingqalelo ekugcineni indawo yokugcina izinto okanye yokutshintsha indawo yokuphuma ecwangcisiweyo. Ukuba inkonzo ayibalulekanga kangako, jonga ukwanda ngokudibeneyo rhoqo kwaye ucwangcise ukubuyisela emva kweminyaka eli-10 yenkonzo. Izicelo ziyahluka kwaye ubomi bude bube yiminyaka engama-30 kwezinye iimeko.

Iinkqubo.

a. Ukuphamba. (Ukujonga ilanga) Ukuqhekeza, okanye ukuhlaba amadlala akunakuba yinto enkulu ukuba kuphela isigqubuthelo sangaphandle siyabandakanyeka kwaye ilaphu alibonwanga. Ukuba kukho imfuneko, lungisa kwindawo enesamente yerabha apho kungafuneki nto. Ukuphahlazeka apho ityali ityhilwe khona kwaye iklebhu, ibonisa ukuba indibaniselwano yokwandiswa kufuneka itshintshwe. Ukuqhekeka okunjalo kuhlala kubangela ukwandiswa okugqithisileyo, i-angular okanye intshukumo yangasemva. Ukuqhekeka okunjalo kuchongwa: (1) kukucekeceka kwengqiniba, (2) ukuqhekeka emazantsi e-arch, kunye / okanye (3) kumqukumbelo osemgangathweni. Ukuthintela iingxaki zexesha elizayo, ukudibanisa okumiselweyo kunokuyalelwa ngamacandelo entonga yokulawula.

b. I-Blists-Defform-Ply Ukwahlulahlula. Ezinye izikhwebu okanye isiphene, xa kumacandelo angaphandle endibaniselwano yokwandiswa, akunakuchaphazela ukusebenza ngokuchanekileyo kwendibaniselwano. Ezi bhulukhwe okanye zixinekile zizinto zendalo kwaye azifuni kulungiswa. Ukuba iibhulabhu ezinkulu, ukhubazeka kunye / okanye ukwahlulwa kweeply kubekhona kuyo ityhubhu, indawo yokudibanisa kufuneka itshintshwe ngokukhawuleza. Ukwahlulwa kwe-Ply kwi-OD ye-flange ngamanye amaxesha kunokujongwa kwaye kungangunobangela wokutshintshwa kwendawo yokudibanisa.

c. Ukuqiniswa kwensimbi. Ukuba ukuqiniswa kwesinyithi sokudityaniswa kokudibanisa kuyabonakala kwisigqubuthelo, indibaniselwano yokwandiswa kufuneka itshintshwe ngokukhawuleza.

d. Ubungakanani. Naluphi na uhlolo kufuneka luqinisekise ukuba ufakelo luchanekileyo; ukungabikho gwenxa gwenxa phakathi kwezikhuselo; kwaye, ukuba ubukhulu obufakwe ubuso ngobuso buchanekile. Jonga ngaphezulu-kokungaphezulu, ukunyanzela okungaphezulu, ukungalunganga kolwazelelelo okanye ukungaboni. Ukuba ukufakelwa okungachanekanga kubangele ukuba ukwanda okuhlanganisiweyo kungawi, lungisa imibhobho kwaye u-odole indibaniselwano entsha ukuze ilingane nofakelo esele lukhona.

e. Ukuhla kweRubber. Ukuba indibaniselwano ivakala ithambile okanye igubu, cwangcisa ukubuyisela indawo yokudibanisa ngokukhawuleza.

f. Ukuvuza. Ukuba ukuvuza okanye ukulila kuyenzeka kuwo nawuphi na umphezulu wendibaniselwano yokwandiswa, ngaphandle kwalapho iindawo ezimdaka zidibana khona, buyisela endaweni ngokudibeneyo. Ukuba ukuvuza kwenzeka phakathi kwendalo kunye nokukhula okudibeneyo, qinisa zonke iibolts. Ukuba oku akuphumelelanga, cima uxinzelelo lwenkqubo, khulula zonke iibhlange zokwenza i-flange kwaye uphinde uqinise ii-bolts ngokwamanqanaba ngokujikeleza i-flange. Qinisekisa ukuba kukho izinto ezingafunwayo phantsi kweentloko zebhanti, ngakumbi kwisikroba esisezandleni zokugcina. Susa indibaniselwano yolwandiso kwaye uhlole zombini iiflethi zerabha kunye nobuso bokudibanisa imibhobho ngomonakalo kunye nomgangatho womphezulu. Ukulungisa okanye ukubuyisela endaweni njengoko kufuneka. Qiniseka ukuba ukwanda okudityanisiweyo akuphelanga, njengoko oku kunokutsala igange elidibeneyo kude ne-matching flange. Ukuba ukuvuza kuyaqhubeka, nxibelelana nomvelisi malunga neengcebiso ezongezelelweyo.